Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.
Skip to main content

As adolescent anxiety is common and costly, identifying effective strategies to reduce symptoms is a priority. This study tested whether adolescents could learn to use cognitive reappraisal strategies to attenuate fear during extinction learning. Fifty-seven participants (12-15 years) viewed images of two neutral faces, one which was paired with a fearful expression and shrieking scream (conditioned threat stimulus) and the other that was never paired with the aversive outcome (conditioned safety stimulus) during fear acquisition. Before extinction, participants either received cognitive appraisal training, which explored alternative, benign meanings associated with the scream or a control activity. Self-reported fear ratings in the cognitive reappraisal group were significantly lower to both the conditioned threat and safety stimuli after extinction than the control group. These findings did not characterise fear-potentiated startle data. Potential reasons for the lack of consistency between measures are considered.

Original publication

DOI

10.1080/02699931.2016.1159542

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cognition & emotion

Publication Date

06/2017

Volume

31

Pages

806 - 815

Addresses

a Oxford Institute of Clinical Psychology Training , Isis Education Centre, Warneford Hospital , Headington, Oxford , UK.

Keywords

Humans, Facial Expression, Photic Stimulation, Adolescent Behavior, Fear, Cognition, Conditioning, Classical, Personality Inventory, Adolescent, Child, Female, Male, Extinction, Psychological, Reflex, Startle